TitleAn Allard-type boundary regularity theorem for $2d$ minimizing currents at smooth curves with arbitrary multiplicity
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsDe Lellis C, Nardulli S, Steinbruechel S
Type of ArticleBoundary

We consider integral area-minimizing $2$-dimensional currents $T$ in $U\subset \mathbb R^{2+n}$ with $\partial T = Q\a{\Gamma}$, where $Q\in \mathbb N \setminus \{0\}$ and $\Gamma$ is sufficiently smooth. We prove that, if $q\in \Gamma$ is a point where the density of $T$ is strictly below $\frac{Q+1}{2}$, then the current is regular at $q$. The regularity is understood in the following sense: there is a neighborhood of $q$ in which $T$ consists of a finite number of regular minimal submanifolds meeting transversally at $\Gamma$ (and counted with the appropriate integer multiplicity). In view of well-known examples, our result is optimal, and it is the first nontrivial generalization of a classical theorem of Allard for $Q=1$. As a corollary, if $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^{2+n}$ is a bounded uniformly convex set and $\Gamma\subset \partial \Omega$ a smooth $1$-dimensional closed submanifold, then any area-minimizing current $T$ with $\partial T = Q \a{\Gamma}$ is regular in a neighborhood of $\Gamma$.