A Complete Dichotomy Rises from the Capture of Vanishing Signatures

Computer Science/Discrete Mathematics Seminar I
Topic:A Complete Dichotomy Rises from the Capture of Vanishing Signatures
Speaker:Jin-Yi Cai
Affiliation:University of Wisconsin
Date:Monday, November 19
Time/Room:11:15am - 12:15pm/S-101
Video Link:https://video.ias.edu/csdm/cai

Holant Problems are a broad framework to describe counting problems. The framework generalizes counting Constraint Satisfaction Problems and partition functions of Graph Homomorphisms. We prove a complexity dichotomy theorem for Holant problems over an arbitrary set of complex-valued symmetric constraint functions $\mathcal{F}$, also called signatures, on Boolean variables. This extends and unifies all previous dichotomies for Holant problems on symmetric signatures (taking values without a finite modulus). The dichotomy theorem has an explicit tractability criterion. A Holant problem defined by $\mathcal{F}$ is solvable in polynomial time if it satisfies this tractability criterion, and is \#P-hard otherwise. The proof of this theorem utilizes many previous dichotomy theorems on Holant problems and Boolean \#CSP. Holographic transformations play an indispensable role, not only as a proof technique, but also in the statement of the dichotomy criterion.