Persistent Cohomology and Circular Coordinates

WORKSHOP ON TOPOLOGY: IDENTIFYING ORDER IN COMPLEX SYSTEMS
Topic:Persistent Cohomology and Circular Coordinates
Speaker:Vin de Silva
Affiliation:Pomona College
Date:Wednesday, April 6
Time/Room:4:30pm - 5:30pm/University of Pennsylvania, David Rittenhouse Lab., Room A6

High-dimensional data sets often carry meaningful low-dimensional structures. There are different ways of extracting such structural information. The classic (circa 2000, with some anticipation in the 1990s) strategy of nonlinear dimensionality reduction (NLDR) involves exploiting geometric structure (geodesics, local linear geometry, harmonic forms etc) to find a small set of useful real-valued coordinates. The classic (circa 2000, with some anticipation in the 1990s) strategy of persistent topology calculates robust topological invariants based on a parametrized modification of homology theory. In this talk, I will describe a marriage between these two strategies, and show how persistent co-homology can be used to find circle-valued coordinate functions. This is joint work with Dmitry Morozov, Primoz Skraba, and Mikael Vejdemo-Johansson.