Seiberg-Witten Theory and Random Partitions

MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS SEMINAR
Topic:Seiberg-Witten Theory and Random Partitions
Speaker:Andrei Okounkov
Affiliation:Princeton University
Date:Tuesday, November 16
Time/Room:4:00pm - 5:00pm/S-101

This will be an overview of the paper hep-th/0306238 written jointly with N. Nekrasov. Our main idea is the interpretation of the low-energy effective prepotential of the N=2 supersymmetric gauge theory as the free energy of a certain natural ensemble of random partitions in the thermodynamic limit. The thermodynamic limit of the free energy is controlled by the emerging limit shape of a random partition ("saddle point"). This limit shape can be determined explicitly and is found to be identical to the Seiberg-Witten curve. This proves the conjecture proposed by Nekrasov in hep-th/0206161 and provides a natural interpretation of all ingredients in the Seiberg-Witten prepotential.