Affine Dispersers from Subspace Polynomials

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COMPUTER SCIENCE/DISCRETE MATH II
Topic:Affine Dispersers from Subspace Polynomials
Speaker:Swastik Kopparty
Affiliation:Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Date:Tuesday, September 15
Time/Room:10:30am - 12:30pm/S-101

An affine disperser over F_2^n for sources of dimension d is a function f: F_2^n --> F_2 such that for any affine subspace S in F_2^n of dimension at least d, we have {f(s) : s in S} = F_2 . Affine dispersers have been considered in the context of deterministic extraction of randomness from structured sources of imperfect randomness. Previously, explicit constructions of affine dispersers were known for every d = O(n) , due to Barak-Kindler-Shaltiel-Sudakov-Wigderson and Bourgain (the latter in fact gives stronger objects called affine extractors). In this talk, I will describe an explicit affine disperser for sublinear dimension. Specifically, the disperser works even when d = O(n^{4/5}) . The main novelty in our construction lies in the method of proof, which uses elementary properties of simple-but-powerful algebraic objects called subspace polynomials. In contrast, the previous works mentioned above relied on sum-product theorems for finite fields. (Joint work with Eli Ben-Sasson)